• Oakmount and Partners

Oakmount and Partners Ltd. Where the World’s Banks Make the Most Money.

Updated: Sep 20, 2019


Where the World’s Banks Make the Most Money

Profits in banking have been steadily on the rise since the financial crisis.


Just last year, the global banking industry cashed in an impressive $1.36 trillion in after-tax profits ⁠— the highest total in the sector seen in the last 20 years.


What are the drivers behind revenue and profits in the financial services sector, and where do the biggest opportunities exist in the future?


Following the Money

Today’s info-graphic comes to us from McKinsey & Company.


Using data stemming from more than 60 countries, we’ve broken down historical banking profits by region, while also visualizing key ratios that help demonstrate why specific countries are more profitable for the industry.


Finally, we’ve also looked at the particular geographic regions that may present the biggest opportunities in the future, and why they are relevant today.


Banking Profits, by Region

Before we look at what’s driving banking profits, let’s start with a breakdown of annual after-tax profits by region over time.

In 2018, the United States accounted for $403 billion of after-tax profits in the banking sector ⁠— however, China sits in a very close second place, raking in $333 billion.


What’s Under the Hood?

While there’s no doubt that financial services can be profitable in almost any corner of the globe, what is less obvious is where this profit actually comes from.


The truth is that banking can vary greatly depending on location ⁠— and what drives value for banks in one country may be completely different from what drives value in another.


Let’s look at data and ratios from four very different places to get a sense of how financial services markets can vary.

1. RARC / GDP (Revenues After Risk Costs / GDP)

This ratio shows compares a country’s banking revenues to overall economic production, giving a sense of how important banking is to the economy. Using this, you can see that banking is far more important to Singapore’s economy than others in the table.


2. Loans Penetration / GDP

Loans penetration can be further broken up into retail loans and wholesale loans. The difference can be immediately seen when looking at data on China and the United States:

In America, banks make loans primarily to the retail sector. In China, there’s a higher penetration on a wholesale basis — usually loans being made to corporations or other such entities.


3. Margins (Revenues Before Risk Costs / Total Loans)

Margins made on lending is one way for bankers to gauge the potential of a market, and as you can see above, margins in the United States and China are both at (or above) the global average. Meanwhile, for comparison, Finland has margins that are closer to half of the global average.


4. Risk Cost Margin (Risk Cost / Total Loans)

Not surprisingly, China still holds higher risk cost margins than the global average. On the flipside, established markets like Singapore, Finland, and the U.S. all have risk margins below the global average.


Future Opportunities in Banking

While this data is useful at breaking down existing markets, it can also help to give us a sense of future opportunities as well.


Here are some of the geographic markets that have the potential to grow into key financial services markets in the future:


Sub-Saharan Africa

Despite having 16x the population of South Africa, the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa still generates fewer banking profits. With lower loan penetration rates and RARC/GDP ratios, there is significant potential to be found throughout the continent.


India and Indonesia

Compared to similar economies in Asia, both India and Indonesia present an interesting banking opportunity because of their high margins and low loan penetration rates.


China

While China has a high overall loan penetration rate, the retail loan category still holds much potential given the country’s population and growing middle class.


A Changing Landscape in Banking

As banks shift focus to face new market challenges, the next chapter of banking may be even more interesting than the last.


Add in the high stakes around digital transformation, aging populations, and new service opportunities, and the distance between winners and losers could lengthen even more. Source: Visual Cap.

Delivering opportunity and connecting with customers since 2009.

Building a brighter future, investing together.


Thank you for reading and subscribing.


Keep up to date with all of our news and video releases by subscribing or clicking on the links below:

LinkedIn: https://lnkd.in/dPDQ8Ze

YouTube: https://lnkd.in/dHu4Gwj

Instagram: https://lnkd.in/dkF5UGT

Subscribe: https://lnkd.in/d5-Kqrt

Trustpilot: https://lnkd.in/dCqb6WT

Blog: https://lnkd.in/dtg6Y53

App: https://lnkd.in/ePe4P4m


For the avoidance of any doubt, nothing on this website is intended to constitute advice to you and the content is displayed for illustrative and information purposes only.


Making more possible.

Today. Tomorrow. Together.


Oakmount and Partners Ltd. Est 2009.

Sculpted from experience, built for success.


We provide fixed income investment opportunities, with annual returns ranging from 7-12%.

Income payments are made regularly to our customers on both quarterly and Bi-annual cycles.


For further information regarding any of our services please feel free to contact us on:

Tel: +44 (0)203 455 2700

76 views0 comments